Derivatives consist of Option (Interest swaps, Forex/Currency), Forwards/Futures and CDS. Derivatives must be fair valued at every reporting date.
Often derivatives are used as hedging instruments:
i) Fair Value Hedge or ii) Cash Flow Hedges. In both hedge accounting ways, derivatives must be valued at fair value. We observe complexities in following hedge scenarios: i) Foreign Currency Amount is not hedged, but the interest rate is hedged (i.e. floating to fixed); ii) Options embedded in agreements are dependent on Unlisted company and European in nature, etc.
Isn’t working with a derivative is similar to playing a game of chess? An instrument with multiple alternatives!
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Data related to Alternative Reference Rate
IBOR Cessation by December 2021
Hedging of Part Contract (On Foreign Currency Loan, Interest Rate risk is hedged but foreign currency risk is not hedged)
Basis Risk, Tail Risk, and Model Risk
Verification of Contracts within ISDA Protocols
Uncertainty of pricing inputs